Grade 12 (OSS)

Literary & Language Studies
Social Science
Dramatic Arts
Visual Arts
Classical Studies
Interdisciplinary Studies


REALITY AND ILLUSION: The Postmodern Experience


Beginning with surrealism, this course explores how modern and postmodern literature have increasingly deconstructed the fundamental notions of reality and illusion. Works by a diverse array of contemporary writers including Samuel Beckett, Eugene Ionesco, Edward Albee, Margaret Atwood, Harold Pinter, and Doris Lessing will be discussed and analyzed. Emphasis is on the interconnections among literature, film, and philosophy. A key focus is on developing an understanding of "postmodern consciousness." Evaluation will be based on a seminar, a major academic research paper, a creative writing folder, and an examination.
Credit Value: English 12  ENG4U    Prerequisite: English 3U


This is a survey course of African-American literature from the slave narrative to Toni Morrison. Examination of the literature is accompanied  by concurrent  studies of African American  history  which provide  a social and political context to the literature  under study. Free writing exercises, and developing writing skills, (formal and informal) is a central component of the course as well.
Credit Value:   English  ENG4U / ETS4U       Prerequisite: ENG 3U

This course focuses on womenıs reality as it is, and has been, reflected in their writing.  Poetry, fiction and the essay are examined in the context of womenıs social status and experience, the literary merits of the writings are examined in the context of feminist literary theory.  Extensive writing exercises are an integral component of the course.
Credit Value:   English 12   ENG4U/ETS4U       Prerequisite: English 3U

This course looks at banned and censored film and literature.  Issues such as the causes of censorship and its effect on society, types of censorship, and topics most often censored are examined throughout the course.  Evaluations include personal and formal essays, response writing, class discussion, group presentations, creative assignments, independent study, and a final evaluation.
Credit Value: English 12U     Prerequisite: English 11U

Students will write in a variety of fiction and non-fiction forms, including short stories, reviews, autobiographical writing, and monologue.  A consideration of stylistic elements including sentence variety, rhetorical devices and figurative language will encourage students to develop a unique voice while strengthening writing skills.  There will be weekly assignments, peer editing workshops, reading your work to the class, a writing portfolio, and independent study.
Credit Value:   English EWC4U/EAC4U    Prerequisite: English 12U


MOMENTS OF INFINITY:  Intro to Calculus

This introduction to calculus starts with an overview of the mathematics learned in the first 12 years of school. A rigorous review will stress algebraic and graphing skills, while examining some of the stranger aspects of familiar mathematical objects. Thus prepared, we then investigate infinity through the concepts of asymptotes and limits, and use these to develop the derivative. Differential calculus and its applications form the main part of the course which finishes, for the sake of symmetry, with a glance at integral calculus. Evaluation is based on weekly quizzes, 3 tests, 2 independent study assignments, and a final exam.  Calculus is the math course most frequently required by university Arts & Science faculties. 

Credit Value: Advanced Functions & Intro to Calculus MCB4U     Prerequisite: MCR3U/M

PRACTICAL ABSTRACTIONS:   Geometry and Discrete Math
Vectors and matrices are remarkably useful constructs, enabling  physical and computer scientists to model their inventions.  Learning how to manipulate these constructs, and using them to solve problems, is a fundamental part of this course.  Complex numbers, which were briefly introduced earlier,  are rediscovered and developed in their various incarnations.  Students are then introduced to the counting techniques of discrete math.  The important concept of mathematical proof will be emphasized for most of the second term.
Evaluation is based on weekly quizzes, 3 tests, midterm and final exams,  and 2 independent study assignments.  This course is useful preparation for university courses in math and physical science.
Credit Value: Geometry and Discrete Math MGA4U   Prerequisite:  MCR3U


This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; apply counting techniques, probability, and statistics in modelling and solving problems; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course and encourages perseverance and independence. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, or the humanities will find this course of particular interest.

Credit Value:  MDM4U       Prerequisite:  MCR3U

This course includes detailed coverage of topics that will lay the foundation for further studies in biology at the university level.  Topics such as biochemistry, energy and ATP, glycolysis, photosynthesis, structure and replication of DNA, gene expression, protein synthesis, evolution, and ecology will be looked at in some depth.  One of the major goals of the course is to emphasize the relationships between the aforementioned topics in order to demonstrate the coherence of biology as a single discipline and to stress the importance of a holistic approach to biology.
Credit Value: Biology SBI4U      Prerequisite:    Biology 11
Chemistry 11 is recommended

This course builds on the  grade 11  prerequisite course by pursuing an in depth treatment of the way in which matter changes and interacts.  Special emphasis is given to features such as hypothesizing, interpreting, problem solving, and decision making.  One aim of the course is to prepare students for further studies in chemistry at the post-secondary level and hence there is an emphasis on mathematical problem solving.  Topics to be studied include organic chemistry, atomic structure and molecular architecture, energy and rates in chemical reactions (thermodynamics and kinetics), equilibrium (including solubility and acid-base chemistry), redox and electrochemistry.
Credit Value: Chemistry SCH4U     Prerequisite: Chemistry 11
Recommended prerequisite:  Math 11

This course is designed to prepare students for university physics courses.  The classical mechanics introduced earlier is extended  to problems in three dimensions, and to extreme speeds (special relativity).  Later topics extend further the ideas of conservation laws for momentum and energy, as well as the harmonic oscillator and wave models.  Mathematical methods for problem solving  are developed and no student is ever required to memorize a formula.   The emphasis in experiment is on error analysis and report writing.  
Evaluation is based on unit tests, weekly quizzes, lab assignments, in-class activities, and a final exam.  
Credit Value:  Physics  SPH4U  Prerequisite: Functions & Relations  MCR3U/M         
Physics 11 SPH3U

The course begins with an introduction students to the history and philosophy of western science.  We examine the nature of science, consulting the likes of  Descartes, Popper, Kuhn, and Capra, through class discussions, seminars on scientific literacy, and critical thinking exercises.  We can then question why astrology is not a science, or why the Bell Curve is bad science, or how to lie with statistics..  Other topics include organic products, pathogens and disease, energy alternatives and global impact, and communications systems.  A final unit on current issues allows us to find out about the weird or speculative or locally relevant science in our lives.  Every student will also work on an independent research project .
Credit Value:  Science SNC4M             Prerequisite: English 12 and a senior science


This course focuses on the Earth as a planet, and on the basic concepts and theories of Earth science and their relevance to everyday life. Students will examine the Earth’s place in the solar system and, after a general introduction to Earth science, will explore in more detail the materials of the Earth, its internal and surface processes, and its history. The course draws on astronomy, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics in its consideration of geological processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.
Credit Value:  SES4U
Prerequisite: Science 10


 "Canada...a few acres of ice and snow."
This course introduces the daunting question of ' What and Why is Canada?'  Through it's history, literature, pop culture, art and technology, Canada's identity will be investigated.  This is an interdisciplinary approach and students will search for the meaning of Canada through novels poetry, historical data, film, visual art, and technology.  "Ca nada" spanish for 'This is nothing'.
Credit Value: Canadian History CHI4U    Prerequisite:  English 11, History 11

Does the individual create historic change, or is the unique individual in history created by the forces of historical necessity? If actions are predicated upon beliefs, and ideas, then it behooves us to study those ideas which have precipitated historical change.  This course covers the period of the last 500 years of European thought and action that have lead to the current world-domination of Western European values, and European ascendancy on the world stage.
Credit Value:  World History   CHY4U       Prerequisite:  History 11

 "The east is the east and the west is the west and never the twain shall they meet."
Rudyard Kipling
The advance of western civilization across Eurasia has been met with adaption, integration
and rejection.  This course investigates the impact of the west on Russia, China and Japan.  Through the lens of history, art, literature, and technology the metaphor of"Window to the West' will be investigated and challenged.
Credit Value: World History CHY4C    Prerequisite:  English 11, History 11

This is a course designed to both sensitize and politicize students to contemporary and historical issues involving native peoples.  We will focus primarily on the Americas (Turtle Island), with emphasis on Canada.  Because we live in a colonized land, we will examine the many aspects of colonialism and the relationship between natives and non-natives.  Explorations will include artwork, theatre, literature, music, government and the legal system, religion/spirituality, history, sociology, and anthropology.
Because issues discussed in this course are often controversial and can be personally confronting, students are encouraged to remain open to their own feelings and those of others as part of their learning process.  Texts used in this course are:  Stolen Continents, Distant Relations, The Rez Sister, and Dry Lips.
Credit Value: Issues of Indigenous Peoples NDW4M         Prerequisite:  English 11



"The city is not a concrete jungle but a human zoo"  -  Desmond Morris
The transformation of the city from the Greek "polis" to the "Megapolis" to the "cyberpolis"  is not only a transformation of quantity, but of values, technology, social networks and lifestyles.  This course will examine the development of cities, of urban dreams and realities through geographic media, cultural studies, and art.  The course will be divided into sections including; the historical development of cities, human patterns today, utopian urbanities, the edge city, the structure of cities, and the changing city.  Students are expected to participate in field trips, complete an I.S.U., daily geographic exercises, and major projects for evaluation in this course
Credit Value:   World Geography CGU4U                          Prerequisite: Geography 10 English 10

Videos and topical print articles are used in this course to explore an array of emergent global issues such as reproductive technology, genetic engineering, urban violence, ecological consciousness, North/south disparities, and possible strategies for developing a just and equitable global culture. Throughout this course emphasis is placed on student research using the Internet and class discussion. Upon completing the course, students should have a sense of their place in the global village and how local issues and decisions are connected to larger world issues. Evaluation will be based on a seminar, a major academic research paper, and an examination.
Credit Value: CGW4U       Prerequisite: English 11


 "FAMILY" is a term frequently bantered about by all of us, with the assumption that we all understand this term in the same way.  This course will explore, dissect, deconstruct and re-assemble our contemporary and historical notions of "Family".  Our primary tools for this course are the 3 disciplines: ANTHROArts, etc.  Throughout the entire course we will be observing through a filter of "EQUITY", i.e., Race, Class, Gender, Sexual Orientation, Age, Ethnicity.
Credit Value:  Families in a Diverse Society  HHS4M          Prerequisite: senior social science


 "No matter how many communities anyone invents, the family  always creeps in"
Margaret Mead
This course is designed for students to develop an understanding of the family, including the stages of the Œfamily life cycleı.  It will examine the changing roles of men, women, and children within this family life cycle.  It will consider family development and family dynamics.   Different cultural perspectives on the family will be studied.  Differences between the individual, family and society will be examined and appreciated.  Students will also acquire personal skills for participating in the family process. The issues to be considered will allow the students to have the opportunity to consider choices for the future.  Evaluation will include assignments, practicums, an independent research paper, seminars, class discussions, and examinations.
Credit Value:  Families in a Diverse Society  HHS4M          Prerequisite:  senior social science


This course examines assigned gender roles; their definitions, and their effect upon males and females accordingly;   human sexuality as it is influenced by prescribed gender roles;  the origins of homophobia and the ever-shifting cultural mores regarding sex roles and sexuality across time and space.
Credit Value:  Issues in Human Growth HHG4M      Prerequisite:   English 11


MONEY 101: Economics II
From developing a personal budget, working part time, paying off a student loan, to the role of the International Monetary Fund, economics-"the dismal science"-has an enormous impact on students' lives. This course begins with the fundamental issues of production and distribution that every society must answer and proceeds to consider the role of economics in enabling or preventing the development of a just and equitable global order. Various key economic topics and significant economists and their theories will be explored from the work of Adam Smith to cutting edge ides of the emergent "virtual" economy. Evaluation will be based on a seminar, a major academic research paper, and an examination.
Credit Value: Analysing Current Economic Issues CIA4U   Prerequisite: English 11, Senior Social Science, Mathematics 10


This course introduces students to the words of the notable and notorious who have defined classical political thought from Plato to NATO. Emphasis is placed on historical perspectives in order to give context to such concepts as power, democracy, and public good. We look at typical government models, including a review of the Canadian system, and at local government in the megacity, and in the school. Through small assignments, 
independent research, class discussion, and guest speakers we try to discover our own roles and powers as civilians.

Credit Value:  Politics 12 CPW4U     Prerequisite: English 11, Senior Social Science

This course covers the sixty year period between 1880-1940 and the rise of many political movements: socialism, Fabianism, Communism and  Anarchy.  This period also saw the rise of white supremacy and eugenics,  Social Darwinism, imperialism and colonial resistance (Ghandi).   Also, during this period the Suffragettes hit the streets while in the world of the arts there were radical departures from conventional norms. There is a rich reading component included in the course, as well as class presentations and a major research  paper.
Credit Value:  Politics 12 CPW4U     Prerequisite: English 11, Senior Social Science

This course examines the many theories concerning the origins of war; the mythologies and ideologies created around war; the transformation of civilians  into soldiers; the actualities of war, and its aftermath. The course then turns to the subject of peace and peacemaking; the philosophy and discipline of non- violence; conflict resolution and methods of promoting peace in our daily lives.
Credit Value:  Politics 12 CPW4U   Prerequisite: English 11, Senior Social Science


TWILIGHT OF THE DWEMS:  Contemporary Western Philosophy
This course explores the tension between modernism and postmodernism and between structuralism and poststructuralism.  The course begins with Nietzsche, who is seen by some theorists as the father of postmodernism, and then proceeds chronologically to the present.  Philosophers studied in the course include Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre, Foucault, and Derrida.  The course includes a module on feminist philosophy and a feminist critique of contemporary science;  in this unit the work of Haraway, Fox, Harding and Stone will be analysed.  Evaluation will consist of a seminar, an examination, a research paper, and a number of smaller assignments.
Credit Value: Philosophy HZT4U    Prerequisite: English 11, Senior Social Science


In this course students will mount a theatrical production which will be publicly performed.  The course will demand exceptional commitment from students who will be expected to design and build sets, operate lighting and stage sound, and complete all the tasks relating to props, costumes, make-up and hair.  After-school rehearsals will increase as show-time draws near.  Itıs fun, itıs maddening and what a rush!
Credit Value:   Drama 12  ADA4M    Prerequisite:  Drama 11




 "Art is just the short form for Arthur"   -  Groucho Marx
This course is an extensive academic study of modern and contemporary art history, theories and criticism.  Thirty percent of course time is devoted to studio work.  This course is designed primarily for students who wish to pursue a university degree in the Fine Arts.  Students enrolling in this course should have a strong art history background and high degree of proficiency in English.  Evaluation is based on a research paper,  and information proposal and file, and a final examination.
Credit Value:  Visual Arts AVI4M    Prerequisite:  Art 11, English 11

BLACK, WHITE AND RE(A)D:  Introduction to Photography
This course takes students who may not even know how to load film into their camera through the intricacies of types of cameras and films, the importance of lighting, filters, lenses, and composition. In addition, students will learn how to use the darkroom to create black and white prints and such creative darkroom techniques as sabattier, selective development, and manipulating negatives. Post darkroom techniques such as toning, hand coloring, collage, and digital manipulation using Photoshop 4.0 will also be introduced. A key goal of this course is to assist every student in developing her/his own unique photographic style. This course has a darkroom fee. Evaluation will be based on in-class critiques, a research paper, and an midterm and final critique of student photographic work.
Credit Value:Visual Art-Photography AWQ4M   Prerequisite: AWQ3M


This course introduces students to the Greek and Roman roots of modern western civilization through various perspectives.  We look at maps and construct a timeline of historical events;  we consider the mythology and its role in art and literature; we read a selection of the poets, dramatists, and historians; and we examine the place of philosophy/science/religion before the separation of these disciplines.  
Source material will include readings, small research assignments, discussions, guest speakers, and film/video sources.  Evaluation will be based on weekly reports, two tests, two seminars, a final exam, and a major research project.
Credit Value:   Classical Civilizations LVV4U   Prerequisite:  ENG3U



Is math thinking as natural to humans as language, or somehow different?
Does math have gender?
Are mathematicians really different from the rest of us?
Could an amateur prove Goldbach's Conjecture?
How is math embedded in our culture?
Is mathematics discovered, or is it invented?
These are a few of the questions that arise from the course material, which will include a variety of literary forms including that of the novel, play, short story, poem, biography, and essay. Although some math background (grade 11) is essential to appreciate the course material, this is not a math course.

Credit Value:  Interdisciplinary Studies IDC4U   Prerequisite: English 11 (ENG3U),  Math 11 (MCR3U)



 "The world is now too dangerous for anything less than Utopia."
 R. Buckminster Fuller
Dreamers, scientists, writers, mathematicians, economists, social scientists have all been interested in imaginary lands.  These places, or Œtopiası challenge and critique the world in which we live.  The objective of this course is to explore the idea of utopia and how it has influenced our world today.  A multi-disciplinary learning strategy will probe the idea of utopias through the lens of:  literature, social science, religion, urban studies, art and architecture, and science and technology.
Credit Value: Interdisciplinary Studies IDC4U    Prerequisite:  English 11

Grade 11 Courses