Tennis

Game Terms
a) Ace- an untouchable service.
b) Advantage Receiver (Ad Out)- the score should the receiver win the next point after a "deuce".
c) Advantage Server (Ad In)- the score should the server win the next point after a "deuce".
d) Backhand- for a right handed player any ball hit on the left side of the body.
e) Chop- a shot that gives backspin to the ball.
f) Drive- a basic stroke made after the ball has bounced.
g) Drop-Shot- a shot that is made to drop just over the net. The player usually adds a backspin to the ball.
h) Deuce- the name given to the score at 40-40 or 40 all. Two points must be scored by either the server or receiver after a deuce score.
i) Forehand- for a right-handed player any ball hit on the right side of the body.
j) Groundstroke- any ball hit after it has bounced.
k) Half-Volley- a ball that is hit as it bounces.
l) Let- any shot that is replayed.
m) Lob- a high (usually defensive) shot.
n) Love- a zero score.
o) Rally- an exchange of shots.
p) Serve- the stroke used to begin the game.
q) Slice- a shot that gives sidespin to the ball.
r) Smash- an overhead volley similar to the action of the serve. Usually used to return a lob.
s) Volley- Any ball hit before it bounces.
t) Continental Grip- a which is halfway between the Eastern forehand and Eastern backhand grips, used by some players to eliminate the necessity of shifting their hand on the racquet. It is sometimes referred to as the "hammer grip" or the "service grip" because it is the grip most commonly used in serving.
u) Set- a player (or players) who first win(s) six games wins a set; except that he/she must win by a margin of two games over his/her opponent(s) and where necessary a set shall be extended until this margin is achieved.
v) Eastern Backhand Grip- this grip is achieved by shaking hands with the racquet (the Eastern Forehand Grip), then turning the handle one quarter of an inch to the right (right-handed player). The thumb is placed diagonally along the handle and the fingers are spread slightly.
w) Eastern Forehand Grip- this grip is achieved by shaking hands with the racquet, so that the "V" between the thumb and the index finger is over the top level of the handle, with the fingers well spread.
x) The Match- A match generally consists of best two out of three sets for women, and three out of five sets for men.
y) Tie Breaker- A tie breaker is held, provided the players or the team organizers have agreed to waive the rules of winning by two games in the set, when the set is tied at six. The format for operating the tie breaker is as follows: Team A serves the first point from the right-hand side of the court. Team B serves the next two points starting from the left hand side of the court. The serve continues to alternate between the teams. Each team serves two points staring from the left-hand side of the court until one team has at least seven points and has a two point advantage over the opposing team. Every six points the teams are to change sides.
Tennis Etiquette
Courts
1. Make a serious effort to arrive at the courts before game time.
2. Use the gate closest to your court. Wait OUTSTDE until point is over on adjacent court, then proceed quickly to your court.
3. When next players arrive to take over, do not ask or expect to finish your game.
4. Never walk across the back of a court while play is in progress. Wait until the ball is dead.
5. Don't walk on another court when people are playing. Always walk across the ends of the court.
Play
1. If your opponents are anxious to start play, don't insist on warming up for more than 5 minutes.
2. Don't ignore basic rules such as foot faults. ALL GAMES should be played within the rules of tennis.
3. Make an effort to keep score. While it is the server's responsibility to CALL the score, as receiver, you should know where it's at.
4. You are responsible to call ALL the balls on your side of the net. If it was so close that you couldn't call it, the ball should be considered "GOOD". In situations such as this, your opponent should be given the benefit of the doubt. There are only very rare occasions, when playing a let on a line call is reasonable.
5. If you are inclined to have conversations on the court, do NOT shout from the baseline, go to the net and lower the volume.
6. Change ends after each odd game of each set, and at the end of each set unless the total number of games in such set be even, in which case the change is not made until the end of the first game of the next set.
Balls
1.

Take your turn supplying balls that are SUITABLE.

2. Keep your eye out for balls rolling on to your court, locate the owners and return it as soon as your point is over. If the owners are playing a point, roll it to the fence behind their court in such a way that you do not distract them, or wait till their point is over, if it is more reasonable.
3. Make sure you return THEIR ball and not one of yours. Most players insist on playing with balls of equal wear and you will NOT be doing them a favour even if yours is in better condition.
4. When your ball rolls on to another court, DO NOT GO AND GET IT. If they haven't noticed, you may ask for it when their point is over. To get a ball from another court, say "Ball please, Court X" or "Thank you, Court Y".
5. In singles, the receiver chases the balls, on his/her side, at the net, and as far as he/she can reach. In doubles, the server still does not have to run after the balls. The other three players retrieve.
6. When a person serves a long fault, don't hit it. Disregard the ball and let the server continue to serve.
General
1. Control Your Temper
Lose your temper and you lose your concentration and quite often the match. Keep your concentration on the game and keep on fighting till the last point has been played.
2. Dress the Part
Look clean and tidy on court. Appropriate clothing is a part of etiquette- men should always wear their shirts.
Tennis Scoring Chart
The Game
1 Points in tennis are called: Love, 15, 30, 40, DEUCE, ADVANTAGE, GAME
  0 or nothing is called Love
  1st point won by a player is called 15
  2nd point won by that player is called 30
  3rd point won by that player is called 40
  4th point won by that player is a game Game
Except when: each player has won 3 points (40-40) the score is DEUCE. Then the next point won by a player gives him/her ADVANTAGE, but if he/she loses the next point, the score is DEUCE again.
The server's score is always called first:
  If the server has won If the receiver has won The score is
  1 pt. 0 pts. 15 - Love
  2 pt. 0 pts. 30 - Love
  3 pt. 0 pts. 40 - Love
  4 pt. 0 pts. Game for server

1 pt. 1 pts. 15 - 15
  2 pt. 3 pts. 30 - 40
  3 pt. 3 pts. Deuce (40-40)
  4 pt. 5 pts. Receiver Advantage
  4 pt. 6 pts. Receiver Game
Call the score after each point - loudly and clearly - to be certain there is no misunderstanding about it.
Basic Rules
i) The Serve
The choice of sides and the right to be server or receiver in the first game shall be decided by the toss of a coin or the spin of the racquet. The player winning the toss/spin may choose side or serve.
ii) At the end of the first game the receiver shall become the server, and the server the receiver; and so on alternately in all subsequent games of a match.
iii) The server stands with both feet behind the baseline and between the centre mark and the sideline. If the server's foot touches the baseline or is inside the court before the ball is contacted a "foot fault" is called and the point is lost.
iv) The ball is tossed into the air and must be hit from this position before it falls to the court.
v) The server has 2 attempts to make the ball pass over the net and hit the ground within the court which is diagonally opposite. If both balls are out, "double fault" is called and the point is lost. Balls falling on the line are good.
vi) The player begins each game serving from the right side of the court and alternates service courts for each point until the game is concluded. When the sum total of all points played is an even number the player serves from the right side of the court (eg. Love, 15 all, 30 - 0, 30 all, 40 - 15, or deuce). When the sum total of all points is an odd number the player serves from the left side of the court, (eg. 15 - love, 30 15, 40 - love, 40 - 30 or advantage.)
vii) The server shall not serve until the receiver is ready. If the latter attempts to return the service, he/she shall be deemed ready.
Service Faults
1. Server fails to hit the ball into the proper court.
2. If server misses the ball in attempting to strike it.
3. If the served ball touches a permanent fixture (other than the net).
4. Footfault - touching baseline or serving from outside the court area.
The service is a let:
a) If the ball served touches the net, strap or band, and is otherwise good, or, after touching the net, strap or band, touches the Receiver or anything which he/she wears or carries before hitting the ground.
b) If a service of a let, that particular service shall not count, and the Server shall serve again, but a service let does not annul a previous fault.
A Player Loses the Point if:
i) He/she fails to hit the ball before it bounces twice or if he/she does not return it into his/her opponent's court.
ii) He returns the ball so that it hits the ground, a permanent fixture or other object outside any of the lines which bound his/her opponent's court.
iii) He/she or his/her racquet or anything he/she wears or carries touches the net or ground within the opponent's court.
iv) He/she volleys the ball before it has passed the net.
v) The ball touches him/her or anything that he/she wears or carries, except his/her racquet in his/her hand or hands.
vi) He/she throws his/her racquet to hit the ball.
vii) He/she deliberately commits any act which hinders his/her opponent.
viii) He/she touches or strikes the ball in play with his/her racquet more than once in making a stroke.
ix) He/she volleys the ball and fails to make a good return even when standing outside the court.
Good Returns
It is a good return:
i) If the ball touches the net, post, cord or metal cable, strap or ban, provided it passes over any of them and lands within the court.
ii) If the player reaches over the net to hit a ball that has blown back to the other side on its own accord provided the player does not touch the net with his/her racquet, body or clothing.
iii) If the player's racquet passes over the net after the ball has been returned provided the ball passes over the net before being played and is properly returned.
iv) If the player returns a ball which has hit a ball lying in the court.
v) If the ball is returned outside the post, either above or below the level of the top of the net, even though it touches the post, provided that it hits ground within the proper court.
Serving in Doubles
The order of serving shall be decided at the beginning of each set as follows:
The pair who has to serve in the first game of each set shall decide which partner shall do so and the opposing pair shall decide similarly for the second game. The partner of the player who served in the first game shall serve in the third; the partner of the player who served in the second game shall serve in the fourth, and so on in the same order in all the subsequent games of a set.
If a player serves out of turn, the correct player must serve as soon as the mistake is discovered:
1. All points accumulated in that game stand
2. If a complete game is played with the wrong player serving the order of serve remains altered for the rest of that set.
Receiving in Doubles
The order of receiving the service shall be decided at the beginning of each set as follows:
The pair who has to receive the service in the first game shall receive the first service and that partner shall continue to receive the first service in every odd game throughout that set. The opposing pair shall likewise decide which partner shall receive the first service in the second game and that partner shall continue to receive the first service in every even game throughout that set. Partners shall receive the service alternately throughout each game.
If a player receives out of turn, he/she remains in that position until the game in which it is discovered is completed: the partners then resume their original positions.


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