Touch Football

Definitions of Terms
1 Touchdown:
A touchdown is scored when a forward pass is legally completed in the opponent's end zone, or when the ball, in the possession of a player, crosses or touches the goal line. After the touchdown, the scoring team kicks off from its own 10 yd. line.

2 Line of Scrimmage:
It is an imaginary line, extending from sideline to sideline, parallel to the goal line on which the ball is placed at the start of each down.
3 Offside:
No player on either team shall cross the line of scrimmage until it becomes legal to do so. If an offside violation occurs the team against which the infraction occurred has the option of allowing the play to stand or deciding to have the same play run again without a loss of that down.
4 Interference:
Interference is a general term applicable to both teams. It is committed when a player obstructs, blocks or charges against an opponent, even without direct contact, thereby preventing his/her approach to the ball carrier, potential ball carrier, or to the ball.
5 Hand off Pass:
It is made on a scrimmage play, when the ball is handed in any direction (not thrown) by one offensive player to another, behind the line of scrimmage. There are no restrictions on the number of hand off passes on any one play. A hand off pass in a forward direction is illegal following a completed forward pass.
6 Forward Pass:
Is a pass which is thrown by any offensive player from behind the line of scrimmage, toward the defensive team's goal line, to an eligible receiver the ball shall not touch the ground or go out of bounds. A forward pass shall be thrown only once on each down.
7 Completed Forward Pass:
A forward pass is complete if it is caught by an eligible receiver on the offensive or defensive team. If a defensive player catches the ball it is called an interception.
8 Incomplete Pass:
An incomplete pass is when a ball touches the ground or goes out of bounds, or when the receiver catches the ball out of bounds.
Exception #1: On the kick-off return before possession has been gained by the receiving team.
Exception #2: On the initial centre Q.B. exchange of a play from scrimmage.
Exception #3: When a lateral pass or a hand-off pass strikes the ground.
9 Lateral Pass:
A lateral or onside pass is one thrown or handed by a player parallel to or in the direction of his/her own goal line. A lateral pass striking the ground may be recovered by either team. This pass is legal for any player to execute in front of the line of scrimmage.
10 Fumble:
A ball is considered to be fumbled when
i) an eligible receiver catches the ball and then drops it.
ii) the quarterback drops the snapped ball.
iii) the ball is dropped on a lateral or a hand-off pass.

Rules and Regulations
Numerous rules can be incorporated into the game of touch/flag football. It is the intention of this section to introduce rules which would enhance the game. Additions and deletions can be made at the discretion of the instructor.
a) Scoring System
  i) Touchdown - 6 pts.Convert - 2 pts.
1 pts.
  ii)
b) 2 pt. Convert Attempt: The ball is placed on the five yard line. Two points are scored by passing or carrying the ball into the endzone.
1 pt. Convert Attempt: The ball is placed on the ten yard line. One point is scored by place kicking the ball through the uprights.
c) Method of Scrimmage:
  i) The Centre: The centre shall take up a position with the ball on the ground in front of him/her. He/she must snap the ball between his/her legs in one continuous motion.
  ii) Advancement of the ball: The ball may only be advanced by kicking, a forward pass, a lateral or a hand off pass.
  iii) Downs

  a)

Each team will have four downs to advance the ball into the other team's end zone. If the offensive team does not get a touchdown on its last down, then the defensive team receives the ball at the last known line of scrimmage. If the offensive team kicks the ball on the last down then the defensive team gets the ball where its ball carrier was touched.

On an offensive team's last down it has the option of kicking the ball away (punting) or trying to score a touchdown. Whichever option is selected must be stated, to the defensive team, before the ensuing down. Position of offensive team: All players of the offensive team must be behind the line of scrimmage until the ball has been snapped.
Position of the defending team:All players of the defending team must stand on their own line of scrimmage until the ball has been snapped.Exception #1: The defensive team may cross the line of scrimmage before the steamboat count has been completed if the offensive team's quarterback hands the ball off to another team member.
Exception #2: The defensive team may cross the line of scrimmage before the steamboat count has been completed if the quarterback drops the ball on the initial centre-quarterback exchange. The ball may be picked up by any offensive or defensive player. End of steamboat count:

    b)
    c)
    d)
   
    e)
      i) On first, second or third down
Any defensive member may cross the line of scrimmage and "rush" the offensive quarterback or its kicker. The offensive team's quarterback cannot run with the ball, but may pass it to any teammate. If the ball is not passed to an offensive receiver, then the offensive team gets the ball where the quarterback was tagged. If the passed ball is incomplete then the offensive team gets the ball on the line of scrimmage for that down. If the pass is completed and a touchdown is not scored, then the ball will be placed on the line where the offensive receiver was tagged.
      ii) On fourth down
Any defensive member may cross the line of scrimmage, and "rush" the offensive team's quarterback or its kicker. If the kicker or quarterback is tagged (before executing a play), then the defensive team gets the ball where the offensive player was tagged. If the offensive team's quarterback completes a pass, before being tagged, and his/her team doesn't score a touchdown, the defensive team gets the ball on the line where the offensive receiver was tagged. If the offensive team's quarterback throws an incomplete pass, then the defensive team gets the ball on the last known line of scrimmage.
    f) Ball becomes dead in the following situation:
    i) When the ball carrier is touched with one hand by an opponent.
    ii) A field official blows his/her whistle to end the play.
    iii) The ball, or a player with the ball in his/her possession, goes out of bounds.
    iv) A touchdown or convert is scored.
    v) A forward pass is declared incomplete.
    g) Unnecessary roughness: When touching the ball carrier, any unreasonable shoves and closed fist contact should be interpreted as unnecessary roughness or deliberate rough play.
  h) Rules related to kick-offs and punts:
      i) The ball, except when touched by an opponent, must travel ten yards or more toward the receiving team's goal line.
Penalty (if the ball doesn't go 10 yds.): First and second offence- the ball shall be taken back ten yards and the kick repeated. Third offence- the ball shall be scrimmaged by the receiving team at the point of first kick-off.
      If the ball goes out of bounds the receiving team gets the ball where it went out of bounds.
      i) The punting team members may never field the ball (only the punter).
      ii) At the instant the ball is kicked off, the players of the kicking team shall not be in advance of the ball, except the player whao may be holding the ball for the kickoff or the kicker.
      iii) On a punt, the kicking team must remain on their side of the line of scrimmage until the punter has kicked the ball
Pass Routes
There are many pass patterns and all have their particular advantages. Also, certain combinations can make some patterns even more advantageous against certain defenses. Illustrated below are some of the basic cuts a receiver can make. Each cut can be made to either side.


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